The European Union signed a 10 M€ contract with a consortium of 16 European partners to develop an energy efficient CO2 capture technology in power plants and energy intensive industries, both for pre- and post-combustion. The M4CO2 project*, coordinated by Delft University of Technology, will develop high performance Mixed Matrix Membranes based on engineered Metal-organic frameworks and polymers for continuous CO2 separation.
M4CO2 is a four year project in the EU 7th Framework Programme, launched January 2014. The official project kick-off meeting will take place 3-4 February in Delft.
World energy consumption is expected to increase by 53% from 2008 to 2035, and the world energy-related carbon dioxide emissions will rise from 30.2 billion metric tons in 2008 to 43.2 billion metric tons in 2035, caused by strong economic growth and continued heavy reliance on fossil fuels. Control of anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) such as CO2 is one of the most challenging environmental issues related to global climate change. Reduction of CO2 emissions from large CO2 point sources, especially fossil fired power plants and other energy intensive industries based on CO2 capture and sequestration (CCS) technology could be a potential approach for the fight against global warming.
By applying an innovative membrane concept by this consortium of world key players, continuous separation processes of unsurpassed energy efficiency will be realized as a gas-liquid phase change is absent, reducing the energy penalty and resulting in smaller CO2 footprints. Furthermore, gas separation membrane units are safer, environmentally benign and, in general, have smaller physical footprints than other types of plants like amine stripping.
The highly selective membranes will allow CO2 capture at costs below 15 €/ton CO2 (≈ 10-15 €/MWh), amply meeting targets of the European SET-Plan (Strategic Energy Technologies), which calls for 90% of CO2 recovery at a cost lower than 25€/MWh.
The M4CO2 consortium will furthermore boost a strong culture of exchange with scientists beyond Europe, by working closely together with Australian initiatives in CCS development.
The consortium partners comprise leading companies and research groups, with core competences in membranes, polymers and reaction engineering. The major industrial partners are Total (France), Johnson Matthey (UK), Polymem (France) and HyGear (The Netherlands).DECHEMA is involved as a project partner.
* Energy efficient MOF-based Mixed Matrix Membranes for CO2 Capture